Heart arrhythmia is a set of conditions where the heartbeat is irregular, too slow, or too fast. Bradycardia: A heart rate below 60 Tachycardia beats per minute: a heart rate in adult symptoms above 100 beats per minute: Arrhythmia typically has no symptoms. Yet some symptoms usually found in Arrhythmia patients, such as lightheadedness, palpitations, or feeling a pause between heartbeats, shortness of breath, passing out, or chest pain.
Four major types of arrhythmias exist:· Extra beats· Supraventricular tachycardia· Ventricular arrhythmias· Bradyarrhythmias
Diagnosis: The Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Holter monitor are different tests and procedures that can aid in the diagnosis of arrhythmia.
Treatment: It is possible to treat most arrhythmias effectively. Treatments may include medicines such as beta blockers, surgery, different medical procedures such as installing a pacemaker or procainamide agents to restore normal heart rhythm. Many forms of cases of arrhythmia lead to sudden death or heart arrest.
Arrhythmia is affecting millions. Around 80% of sudden cardiac death is the result of ventricular arrhythmias. Approximately 15% of all sudden cardiac deaths are caused by global cardiovascular disease.
Atrial fibrillation affects about 2% to 3% of the population in Europe and North America as of 2014.
Sinus node: Normal and Abnormal Rhythms | Bradyarrhythmias | Ectopic Complexes and Rhythms | Tachycardia | Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias | Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias | Cardiac Pacing and Pacemaker Rhythms | Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators | Athletes and Arrhythmias | Drug Effects and Electrolyte Disorders | Treatment of Arrhythmias | Management of Arrhythmias in Pregnancy
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